CSC, Jl. Raya Jakarta-Bogor, Km.46,
Cibinong 16911

+62 (21) 876 5060
mail@biologi.lipi.go.id

Holotype Microhylidae

Written by DEO
HOLOTYPE - MICROHYLIDAE
 
No : MZB 3561
Field number : UPNG BIOLOGY 7546
Species  : Austrochaperina kosarek Zweifel, 2000
Family  : Microhylidae
Status   : Holotype
Location  :
  • Kosarek, Jaya Wijaya District Irian Jaya, Indonesia (Holotype catalog).
  • This species is known only from Kosarek, Papua, in Indonesian New Guinea, at 1,400m asl. It is possibly more widespread in suitable habitat (IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 June 2009).
Habitat  : This species presumably occurs in rainforest and breeds by direct development (IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 June 2009).
Altitude   : 1400m
Coordinate  : -
Collector  : J. Paul Blum
Date  : Juli 1997
Determinate : S. Richard & G. Zweifel
Sex  : -
Age  : Adult
Ex  : -
SVL  : 21,1 mm
Paratype : -
References  :
  • Zweifel, R.G. 2000. Partition of the Australopapuan microhylid frog genus Sphenophryne with descriptions of new species. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History: 1-130.

 

 
 
No : MZB 3562
Field number : UPNG 7592
Species  : Austrochaperina blumi Zweifel, 2000
Family  : Microhylidae
Status   : Holotype
Location  :
  • Kosarek, Jaya Wijaya, Irian Jaya, Indonesia (Holotype catalog).
  • This species is known from several localities on the northern slopes of the central mountains of Papua (Indonesian New Guinea), including the Star Mountains, and the Kosarek, Bimi and Oksibil areas of Jayawijaya District. It possibly also occurs at a site 9km west of Telefomin, in Papua New Guinea. For the purposes of this assessment, the Telefomin locality has been excluded from the distribution map, pending confirmation of this population's identity. Its altitudinal range is 1,400-1,840m asl (IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 June 2009).
Habitat  : Thrives in disturbed habitats, including villages, lawns and rural gardens, and presumably occurs in forest as well. It presumably breeds by direct development (IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 June 2009).
Altitude   : 1400meter
Coordinate  : -
Collector  : J. Paul Blum
Date  : Juli 1979
Determinate : S. Richard & G. Zweifel
Sex  : -
Age  : Adult
Ex  : -
SVL  : 25,1 mm
Paratype : -
References  :
  • Zweifel, R.G. 2000. Partition of the Australopapuan microhylid frog genus Sphenophryne with descriptions of new species. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History: 1-130.

 

 
 
No : MZB 3877
Field number : JCUNQ HERP 4164
Species  : Oreophryne minuta Richards & Iskandar, 2000
Family  : Microhylidae
Status   : Holotype
Location  :
  • Un named mountain range, Derewo River Basin, Irian Jaya, Indonesia (Holotype catalog).
  • This species is known only from a single locality from New Guinea, in the Derewo River basin in the mountains of western Papua, Indonesia, at 2,000m asl. It presumably occurs more widely (IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 June 2009).
Habitat  : This species is found in moss on boulders and trees in montane tropical rainforest. There is no degraded forest where the species has been found, and so its adaptability to secondary habitats is unknown. It presumably breeds by direct development (IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 June 2009).
Altitude   : 2000 meter
Coordinate  : 3.26°.527’ S ; 136°.28’.36,5” E
Collector  : Stephen Richards & D.T Iskandar
Date  : 7 April 1998
Determinate : Stephen Richards
Sex  : male
Age  : Adult
Ex  : 1
SVL  : 11,5 mm
Paratype : MZB 3878
References  :
  • Richards, S.J. and Iskandar, D.T. 2000. A new minute Oreophryne (Anura: Microhylidae) from the mountains of Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology: 257-262.

 

 
 
No : MZB 6918
Field number : JCUNQ HERP 4190
Species  : Hylophorbus sextus Günther, 2001
Family  : Microhylidae
Status   : Holotype
Location  :
  • Wapoga Alpha Exploration camp, Irian Jaya, Indonesia (Holotype catalog).
  • This newly discovered species from New Guinea is known only from the headwaters of the Wapoga River, at 1,070m asl in Papua, Indonesia (Stephen Richards, Rainer Günther 2004. Hylophorbus sextus. In: IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 June 2009).
Habitat  : It was found in tall forest, under debris on the forest floor (IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 June 2009).
Altitude   : 1070m
Coordinate  : 3° 08’ 6,87” S ; 136° 34’ 43,2” E
Collector  : Stephen Richards
Date  : 9-September-1998
Determinate : -
Sex  : -
Age  : Adult
Ex  : 1
SVL  : 31,8 mm
Paratype   -
References  :
  • Günther, R. 2001. The Papuan frog genus Hylophorbus (Anura: Microhlyidae) is not monspecific: description of six new species. Russian J. Herpetol.: 81-104.

 

 
 
No : MZB 7358
Field number : -
Species  : Oreophryne wapoga Günther, Richards & Iskandar, 2001
Family  : Microhylidae
Status   : Holotype
Location  :
  • Wapoga Alpha Exploration Camp, Wapoga River head water, Irian Jaya, Indonesia (Holotype catalog).
  • This species is known from the type locality in north-western Papua, Indonesia, at 1,070m asl, and also from Yapen Island (also in Papua), at 500m asl (IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 June 2009).
Habitat  : It is found under leaf-litter and on low foliage in dry ridges in tropical rainforest, and has not been found in degraded habitats. Like other species in the genus, it breeds by direct development. The males parent guards the eggs on the ground, and transports the juveniles on its back (IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 June 2009).
Altitude   : 1070 meter
Coordinate  : 136° 34’ 4,23” E ; 3° 08’ 6,87” S
Collector  : S. Richards & D. T. Iskandar
Date  : 11 April 1998
Determinate : -
Sex  : male
Age  : Adult
Ex  : 1
SVL  : 23,4 mm
Paratype : MZB 7359; MZB 7360
References  :
  • Günther, R., Richards, S.J. and Iskandar, D. 2001. Two new species of the genus Oreophryne from Irian Jaya, Indonesia (Amphibia, Anura, Microhylidae). Spixiana: 257-274.

 

 

 
No : MZB 8403
Field number : AA 15395
Species  : Xenorhina adisca Kraus& Allison, 2003
Family  : Microhylidae
Status   : Holotype
Location  :
  • Tembagapura, Papua, Indonesia (Holotype catalog).
  • This species is known only from the type locality, Tembagapura, in the Sudirman Mountains, Papua, Indonesia, at 2,200m asl. It is likely to prove more widely distributed along the southern versant of the central dividing mountain range of western New Guinea (IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 June 2009).
Habitat  : This is a fossorial species that was collected from within surface litter of a very mossy montane closed-canopy forest, on a steep slope facing south-west that was drained by a small stream. Breeding in this species is presumably by direct development (IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 June 2009).
Altitude   : 2200meter
Coordinate  : 4° 14’ 009” S ; 137° 09’ 7,82” E
Collector  : A. Allison
Date  : March 17 1997
Determinate : -
Sex  : female
Age  : Adult
Ex  : -
SVL  : 22,4 mm
Paratype : MZB 8404
References  :
  • Kraus, F. and Allison, A. 2003. A new species of Xenorhina (Anura: Microhylidae) from western New Guinea. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington: 803-810.

 

 
 
No : MZB 10916
Field number : -
Species  : Xenorhina macrodisca Günther & Richards, 2006
Family  : Microhylidae
Status   : Holotype
Location  :
  • Wapoga Alpha drill site, Wapoga River head waters, Papua Province, Indonesia (Holotype catalog).
  • This species from New Guinea is currently known only from the holotype collected at the Wapoga Alpha drill site (3º 08.687' S, 136º 34.423' E), Wapoga River headwaters, in Papua Province, Indonesia, at 1,070 m asl. It can be expected to occur more widely (IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 June 2009).
Habitat  : The holotype was collected from the branch of a spiny Pandanus “tree” about 1.8 m above the ground in forest (Günther and Richards, 2006). This forest is a transition between hill forest and closed-canopy lower montane rainforest, and is dominated by emergent Agathis trees. Reproduction in this species has not been recorded, but it is presumably by direct development (IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 June 2009).
Altitude   : -
Coordinate  : -
Collector  : Stephen Richards
Date  : 13 April 1998
Determinate : -
Sex  : -
Age  : Adult
Ex  : 1
SVL  : 41,0 mmm
Paratype : -
References  :
  • Günther, R. and Richards, S.J. 2006. Two new tree-dwelling species of the genus Xenorhina from New Guinea (Anura, Microhylidae). Mitteilungen aus dem Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin Zoologische Reihe 81(2): 167-176.

 

 
Any comments please send to Hellen Kurniati at : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
 
Dikirim oleh Yulia_AK
Ditulis oleh Hellen Kurniati
Terakhir diperbaharui pada 6-09-2017