Published: 14 December 2018
Created: 15 December 2018
Dr. Sih Kahono (Indonesian Institute of Science) sebagai Key Note Speaker pada Konferensi Asian Apicultural Asociation 22-25 Nopember 2018 di Jakarta, dengan membawakan makalah yang berjudul "Diversity and the Potential of Indonesian Native Bees"
Except Apis mellifera, all described Indonesian bees are solitary-native bees. Bees are diverse in size, morphology, and behaviour that coexist with their flower partners. It is known that bees increase seed productions and agricultural yields, while flowers support reproduction and production of the bees. Pollination is a key to the success of plant reproductions of agricultural farms that are mainly depended on the wild and accidentally beekeeping bees. Unfortunately, the evidence of pollination decreases in agricultural lands in the last ten years. Social bees are taken more attention because they have plentiful workers, general pollinators, and store resources such as honey that can be harvested. Native social bees have been exploited for their honey for long time, with traditional hunting activities of both wild honey bees and stingless bees as well as traditional beekeeping practices. Local people have developed different methods to attract the coming of the colonies and the harvest of the honey of Apis dorsata. Although some local communities apply their traditional wisdom to protect the bee colonies and their habitats, but formal regulation is needed. Some non-moving native apiculture and meliponiculture have been developing in rich green environments. Recent scattered evidences show that the productions of medicinal honey, propolis, and the derivative products have been gradually increased. The native bees have been become threatened by human activities. Many of the species have become narrow in distribution, declined in population, rare, and even suspected to be extinct. Keeping and improving green environments are the keys to the success of beekeeping and conservation of native bees.
Sumber Informasi - Dr. Sih Kahono
Pengunggah - Pramono