Zoology Division, Research Center for Biology- LIPI



  .:: Laboratorium of Herpetology ::.




A. Scientific Collections
The Herpetology Laboratory of the Bogor Zoological Museum or Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense (MZB) is the national biodiversity repository for Indonesian Herpetofauna (Amphibians and Reptiles).  The museum maintains a wet collection preserved in 70% ethanol and a dry collection composed of skeletons and skins. About 90% of collections are preserved (wet) specimens; the remainder are dry specimens preserved in borax.
This is the wet collection room in the MZB, in which amphibian and reptile specimens are stored in compactors. Holotype, paratype, and syntype specimens are stored separately in a fire-proof cabinet.  The bottles marked with red are holotype specimens; bottles with yellow contain paratypes or syntypes.
View of the shelving and preserved specimens within a single compactor.
Dry collection room in the Herpetology Laboratory.
The number of amphibian and reptile species that are stored in the Herpetology Laboratory as of April 2009 is shown in Table 1 below.  The number of species and specimens in the collection has been growing rapidly as a result of LIPI research activities, as well as those of foreign researchers studying the herpetofaunal diversity of Indonesia.

Table 1. Number of Herpetofauna species in MZB for April 2009.

Class Ordo/Order Family Number of Species (common collections) Number Of Type Specimen
Holotype Paratype Syntype
AMPHIBIA Gymnophiona Ichthyophidae 5 - - -
Anura Bombinatoridae - 1 - -
Myobatrachidae 3 - - -
Megophryidae 12 - 1 -
Bufonidae 23 1 1 -
Hylidae 43 7 9 -
Microhylidae 60 7 11 -
Ranidae 93 4 10 -
Rhacophoridae 36 - 3 -
Limnodynastidae - - - 1
Total Number of Species 275 20 34 1

Class Ordo/
Family Number of Species (common collections) Number Of Type Specimen
Holotype Paratype Syntype
REPTILIA Crocodylia Crocodylidae 4 - - -
Testudinata Cheloniidae 4 - - -
Dermochelyidae 1 - - -
Carettochelyidae 1 - - -
Chelidae 5 - - -
Emydidae 10 - - -
Testudinidae 3 - - -
Trionychidae 6 - - -
Lacertilia Agamidae 57 2 2 -
Dibamidae 3 - - -
Gekkonidae 44 5 6 1
Lacertidae 1 - - -
Anguidae 2 - - -
Pygopodidae 2 - - -
Scincidae 104 6 8 2
Varanidae 18 1 1 1
Ophidia Typhlopidae 9 1 3 -
Cylindrophiidae 7 - - -
Boidae 3 - - -
Pythonidae 15 - - -
Xenopeltidae 1 - - -
Acrochordidae 3 - - -
Colubridae 143 5 5 -
Elapidae 39 - 1 -
Viperidae 11 - - 1
Total Number of Species 496 20 26 5
Some Publications of Type Specimen in MZB :
Based on catalog numbers, the number of specimens in the collection as of August 2009 is listed below:
  1. Amphibian: Number of catalog is 15370;
  2. Reptile are divided into 4 groups:
    1. Crocodylia (crocodiles): Number of cataloged specimens is 27;
    2. Testudinata (turtles): Number of cataloged specimens is 407;
    3. Lacertilia (lizards): Number of cataloged specimens is 7653;
    4. Ophidia (snakes): Number of cataloged specimens is 3952.
The wet collection is organized into four groups; Amphibia, Ophidia, Lacertilia and Testudinata.  The phylogenetic hierarchy for species representing the four groups is based on the following references:
  1. Amphibian :
    Iskandar, D.T. and E. Colijn. 2000.Preliminary checklist of Southeast Asian and New Guinean herpetofauna. I. Amphibians. Treubia 31 (3) supplement : 1-133.
  2. Ophidia :
    Iskandar, D.T. and E. Colijn. 2002. A checklist of Southeast Asian and New Guinean reptiles. Part I. Serpentes. Binamitra. Jakarta.
  3. Lacertilia :
    Iskandar, D.T. Preliminary checklist of Asian herpetofauna. (in press).
  4. Testudinata :
    Iskandar, D.T. 2000. Turtles and Crocodiles of insular Southeast Asia and New Guinea. PALMedia Citra. Bandung.
B. Research
Research in the Herpetology Laboratory includes species taxonomy, basic and community ecology, phylogenetics of species on the basis of molecular biology, and experimental captive breeding for some reptiles that are threatened by habitat loss or trade.  Most of the activities on species taxonomy are based on fieldwork for species exploration and species inventory in areas that have not been studied previously.  Activities on species ecology are usually conducted on focal species that are under threat in their natural habitats.  Research on species phylogeny is an activity that is usually carried out in the Genetic Laboratory of the MZB.  Experimental captive breeding activities for the study of ex situ biology of several species are focused on threatened and red-listed species according to the IUCN.  There are several species of turtle that are kept in Herpetology Laboratory, includes Cuora amboinensis and Elseya novaeguineae.

Report of Activities
The main activity of the researchers in Herpetology Laboratory is to do research; however the other activities such as conducting discussion to create recommendation should be done as well by working together with the other government institutions. One of these activities is to propose several species of reptiles and an amphibian to be protected under wildlife laws and regulation of Republic Indonesia, which the laws are stated at PP 7/1999. The species which are being proposed can be downloaded by clicking here.
To offer a guideline on the acoustic identification of SE Asian frog species, the Herpetology Laboratory has started to compile an acoustic database of calls of frogs from Indonesia. The sound recordings were made by Dr. Arjan Boonman of Queen Mary University, UK and the project is led by Hellen Kurniati of Herpetology Laboratory, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI); and with additional recording by dr. Mirza Kusrini and college (Fahutan IPB). We are presently working on publishing descriptions of these sounds. Note that the sounds downloadable here are in compressed format and therefore unsuitable for scientific publications. The human auditory perception of the sounds presented here can nevertheless be of great use in acoustic herpetological surveys. Sounds can be downloaded by clicking here.
C. Services
Some services are provided by the Herpetology Laboratory, including:
  1. Species identification:
    Species identification services are given by researchers in the Herpetology Laboratory.
  2. Consultation on environmental issues:
    Environmental consultation and assessment of environmental impacts resulting from land use and land conversion are provided by researchers in the Herpetology Laboratory.
  3. Taxidermy:
    Taxidermy services are given by research assistants in the Herpetology Laboratory.

    In the Herpetology Laboratory, taxidermy work is provided by our research assistants.

  4. Student advisor :
    Student advisor services are provided by researchers in the Herpetology Laboratory for under graduate and graduate students.
D. Human Resources
Herpetology Laboratory is supported by nine personnel including seven researchers and two research assistants. A list of current personnel is shown in Table 2.

Table 2. List of Herpetology Laboratory personalities.
Name Position Degree of Academy
Irvan Sidik Head of the laboratory/Researcher S2 (Master)
Mumpuni Researcher S1 (Bachelor)
Hellen Kurniati Researcher S1 (Bachelor)
Awal Ryanto Researcher S1 (Bachelor)
Dadang R. Subasli Researcher S1 (Bachelor)
Amir Hamidy Researcher S1 (Bachelor)
Evy A. Arida Researcher S2 (Master)
Mulyadi Research Assistant High school
Tri Wahyu Laksono Research Assistant High school

E. Published books

1 2 3 4

Description :

  1. Kurniati, H. 2003. Amphibians and reptiles of Gunung Halimun National Park. Research Center for Biology. Nagao Natural Environment Foundation. Cibinong. 134 pp.
  2. Kurniati, H. 2008. Buku Panduan. Pembesaran dan penangkaran buaya jenis Buaya Muara Crocodylus porosus dan Buaya Air Tawar Irian Crocodylus novaeguineae. Bidang Zoologi, Pusat Penelitian Biologi, LIPI. Cibinong. 33 pp. (Manual book. Ranching and captive breeding of saltwater crocodile Crocodylus porosus and New Guinea freshwater crocodile Crocodylus novaeguineae).
  3. Kurniati, H. 2005. Metode survei pemantauan populasi satwa. Seri kesatu. Buaya. Bidang Zoologi, Pusat Penelitian Biologi, LIPI. Cibinong. 35 pp. (Survey method on wildlife population monitoring. First version. Crocodile).
  4. Riyanto, A. and Mumpuni. 2003. Metode survei pemantauan populasi satwa. Seri ketiga. Kura-kura. Bidang Zoologi, Pusat Penelitian Biologi, LIPI. Cibinong. 34 pp. (Survey method on wildlife population monitoring. Third version. Turtle).

Upload by Yulia_AK
Written by Hellen Kurniati
Last Update at 06-01-2011

Copyright ©2008 biologi.lipi.go.id

Supported by CM & BRC Project LIPI - JICA
Research Center For Biology - Cibinong Science Center (CSC)
JL. Raya Jakarta - Bogor Km.46 Cibinong 16911 Bogor - Indonesia
Phone/Fax : +62(0)21-87907612 biologi@mail.lipi.go.id